INEC Nigeria | Registration Process | Collection Of PVC 2019

winnercoz December 01, 2018
The origin of Electoral bodies in Nigeria can be traced to the period before Independence when the Electoral Commission of Nigeria (ECN) was established to conduct 1959 elections. The Federal Electoral Commission (FEC), established in 1960 conducted the immediate post-independence federal and regional elections of 1964 and 1965 respectively.

The electoral body was however, dissolved after the military coup of 1966. In 1978, a new Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO) was constituted by the regime of General Olusegun Obasanjo. FEDECO organized the elections of 1979, which ushered in the Second Republic under the leadership of Alhaji Shehu Shagari. It also conducted the general elections of 1983.

In December 1995, the military government of General Sani Abacha, which earlier dissolved NEC in 1993, established the National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (NECON), which also conducted another set of elections; Local Government councils to National Assembly. These elected institutions were however not inaugurated before the sudden death of General Abacha, on June 1998 aborted the process. In 1998 General Abdulsalam Abubakar’s Administration dissolved NECON and established the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).

The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) was established by the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to among other things organize elections into various political offices in the country.

The functions of INEC as contained in Section 15, Part 1 of the Third Schedule of the 1999 Constitution (As Amended) and Section 2 of the Electoral Act 2010 (As Amended) include the following:

 Organise, undertake and supervise all elections to the offices of the President and Vice-President, the Governor and Deputy Governor of a State, and to the membership of the Senate, the House of Representatives and the House of Assembly of each state of the federation;
Register political parties  in accordance with the provisions of the constitution and Act of the National Assembly;

Monitor the organization and operation of the political parties, including their finances; conventions, congresses and party primaries.
Arrange for the annual examination and auditing of the funds and accounts of political parties, and publish a report on such examination and audit for public information;
Arrange and conduct the registration of persons qualified to vote and prepare, maintain and revise the register of voters for the purpose of any election under this constitution;
Monitor political campaigns and provide rules and regulations which shall govern the political parties;
Conduct voter and civic education;
Promote knowledge of sound democratic election processes; and
Conduct any referendum required to be conducted pursuant to the provision of the 1999 Constitution or any other law or Act of the National Assembly.


The mission of INEC is to serve as an independent and effective EMB committed to the conduct of free, fair and credible elections for sustainable democracy in Nigeria.



Voter Registration is a process through which those qualified to vote are identified and included in a list called the register of voters. They are then issued with voters’ cards, which entitles them to vote during elections.


A credible voters’ register is a prelude to free and fair elections. Voter registration helps to facilitate the credibility of the electoral process by preventing multiple voting as each person is only allowed to register once. With this, no one is allowed to register at multiple centres.  It helps in preventing cases of underage voting because only adults of voting age (18 years and above) are registered.


The register contains the following information about the voter:

  • The residential address of the registrant
  • The passport photograph of the registrant
  • The names of the voter, beginning with the surname followed by other names
  • Other information such as sex, date of birth, occupation, registration centre details, etc.


It is important for adults i.e those who are 18 years and above to register  because the electoral law specifies that only those whose names are in the  voters list are qualified to vote during elections. In other words, whoever intends to exercise his or her civic rights on Election Day must register as a voter. Then he or she will be able to vote for candidates for elective positions.


If any one want to register for the nigeria voter card that person mustl be qualified to be registered as a voter if he/she;

  1. Is a citizen of Nigeria
  2. Has attained the age of eighteen (18) years and above
  3. Is ordinarily resident, work in, originate from the Local Government Area, Council, Ward covered by the registration centre
  4. Presents himself/herself to the registration officers of the Commission for registration as a voter
  5. Is not subject to any incapacity to vote in Nigeria.



The registration of Voters is by Direct Data Capture (DDC) system. The eligible person physically presents himself to the official in-charge of the registration centre where he intends to register. The registering officer may demand from the applicant certain information necessary to determine his identity and eligibility. This is usually done through questioning. The officer, if satisfied by the information so provided, then enters the applicant’s names and other particulars in the Direct Data Capture (DDC) device, issues a temporary voter’s card to the registrant and marks his right thumb nail with indelible ink to prevent him from double or multiple registration.


The law empowers INEC to carry out the continuous registration of voters at any suitable period. It means that INEC is to register new voters, compile maintain and update the register. The dates and timing of continuous voter registration are determined by the Commission. Registration of voters and the update of voters’ list must stop at least thirty (30) days before any election.


Registration of voters is carried out at centres designated by INEC. The essence is to bring the registration exercise as close to the voter as possible.


The procedure for Voter Registration is as follows:

A person wishing to register as voter must appear in person at the registration centre approved by the Commission and nearest to his/her place of residence and where he/she intends to vote on election day.

Registration usually commences at 9.00am and closes at 4.00pm. The Direct Data Capture (DDC) device is used to capture the biometrics (photograph and fingerprints) of the prospective voter.

At the registration centre, prospective registrants are invited to approach the Assistant Registration Officer to enroll their details into the DDC device.The officer ascertains the eligibility of the registrant. Where in doubt, the registrant is requested to produce a document that could prove his/her identity and age such as, Birth or Baptismal Certificate, National Passport, Identity Card or Driver’s License. In addition, the registrant’s first name, initial (or other names), surname, date of birth, gender, residential address and occupation are entered into the system.

The registrants photograph is taken and the fingerprint/thumbprint recorded. After this, the officer will give a Temporary Voters Card to the applicant. The temporary voter’s card will be replaced with the Permanent Voter’s Card at a date to be announced by INEC. After this, the Applicant leaves the registration center and he/she is requested to return the following day for claims and objections.


During the registration of voters, eligible persons are advised to register at the centres nearest to their residence. This is to make it easy for the voter to access the Polling Unit (PU) and vote on Election Day. It should be noted that due to restrictions of movement of people and vehicles, a voter who registered far from his or her residence may find it difficult to get to the polling unit to vote. However, a person who has relocated to another place, outside the unit in which he/she registered cannot vote in his/her new location unless he/she transfers his/her registration.

Procedure for Transfer:

Step 1
The person who intends to transfer his/her registration will apply to INEC’s Resident Electoral Commissioner through the Electoral Officer f the Local Government Area where he/she is currently residing.

Note: the application should contain the current address of the applicant as this will assist in allocating the polling unit nearest to him/her.

Step 2
The applicant will fill a form ECTF 001 (Application for transfer of registered voter)

Step 3
The applicant will attach a photocopy of his/her Permanent Voter Card (PVC) to the application.

Note that the applicant must apply to the Resident Electoral Commissioner in good time, well before sixty (60) days to the election, as no transfer can be entertained or granted less than 60 days to the election.

Step 4
The Electoral Officer (EO) of the applicant’s Local Government Area on receiving the application shall;

Assign the applicant to the nearest polling unit to his/her new residence
Enter the applicant’s details in the transferred voters’ list
Forward the application to the Resident Electoral Commissioner for approval.
Step 5
If the Resident Electoral Commissioner is satisfied that the applicant is currently resident in the new area, he/she shall approve the application and direct that the applicant’s details be transferred to his/her new location.

N.B: The Commission may require evidence such as Utility Bill, Water Bill for confirmation of residence.

Step 6
The Head of Department, ICT on receiving the approved application shall effect the transfer on the server and issue a Temporary Voters Card (TVC) and later the Permanent Voter’s Card (PVC).

The applicant’s registration and particulars will then be deleted from the register of voters in the previous location.

Step 7
The Electoral Officer will issue the applicant with a new Permanent Voter’s Card (PVC) and retrieve the previous one.

Step 8
The applicant is informed to visit the INEC Local Government Area office (that covers the area he/she has applied for a transferred to) to find if the transfer has been effected and to pick up the Permanent Voter Card  in person as collection by proxy is not allowed.


Multiple Registrations: No individual is allowed to register more than once. If caught and convicted, such offence attracts the fine of ₦100,000 (One Hundred Thousand Naira) and imprisonment not exceeding one year or both
Registering at Multiple Centres: No person is allowed to register in more than a registration centre. If caught and convicted, such offence attracts a fine of ₦100,000 (One Hundred Thousand Naira) and imprisonment not exceeding one year or both
Providing False Information on self or registering a fictitious person: Any person who provides false information about himself/herself or registers a fictitious (someone that does not exist or is dead) is liable to conviction to a fine not exceeding ₦500,000 (Five Hundred Thousand Naira) or five (5) years imprisonment or both


After registration it is proper for individuals to check their registration status to know if their registration went through the normal process or not,and the individuals need to check their registration status to know if their card registration has been accepted or not .

To check your voter`s card registrayion status you simply need toFOLLOW THIS LINK and fill the requierment

Is This Article Helpful?
Please Share this Article with your Friends on Facebook, Twitter, and Google+. Are you Finding it Difficult to Comment? See How to Comment on Wazobiawap.
DMCA NOTICE:The Posts and Images on this Website Must not be Copied or Re-posted on other Websites